Sexual Health


A STI is a sexually transmitted infection, which means a person is “infected” with the virus or bacteria. An STD is a sexually transmitted disease, which refers to the degeneration of tissue or organs caused by the infection. A person can be infected and not show any symptoms of disease, and still pass the infection on to other who may become diseased from the infection.
You may have heard that condoms protect you against STIs, but the truth is that they do not. Using a condom only reduces the risk and not in all cases. 

Click here to take an online test about STIs!

Do you...

  • feel like 'everybody else is doing it?'
  • feel like your girlfriend/boyfriend will break up with you if you do not have sex with them?
  • feel pressure from friends or partners to engage in sexual behaviour that you are not comfortable with?

Truth is, not everyone is doing it! In fact, there has been a 28% increase in high school students waiting to have sex! In fact, 58.8% of students in high school say they are avoiding sexual relationships! No matter where you fall on the spectrum, Elisha House is available for you to learn more about avoiding risky sexual behaviour and learning tips & tricks to keep you out of sexual situations that you are not comfortable with. 

To learn more, read about the various STIs below.

  • Chlamydia

    Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in humans. Chlamydia trachomatis is primarily transmitted through sexual activity. It can also be passed from pregnant women to their newborn infants during childbirth. Other types of chlamydial infections exist, but they are acquired by non-sexual activities. Typical symptoms include a vaginal or urethral discharge, burning with urination, pelvic pain in women,...
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  • Gonorrhea

    Gonorrhea is a bacterium that causes genital infections and other infections in humans. Gonorrhea is primarily spread by sexual contact, including sexual intercourse, oral sex and anal sex. A newborn baby can also become infected during the birth process if his/her mother is infected. Symptoms of Gonorrhea vary depending on the part of the body that is infected and usually begins within a week of exposure. A genital infection typically causes...
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  • Hepatitis C

    Hepatitis C is an extremely contagious blood borne disease that can also be sexually transmitted. Hepatitis C is primarily transmitted from people sharing needles when shooting drugs. Transmission can also occur if needles used for tattooing or body piercing are not properly sterilized and are then reused. Before 1992, when widespread screening of blood products became the norm, transfusions were a common mode of transmission. In the ear...
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  • Herpes

    Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a virus that infects the skin and mucous membranes (mouth, genital areas, etc.) of humans. Most genital herpes infections are caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted infection. Although HSV-2 typically causes genital infections, it can also cause oral infections that can then be spread by non-sexual activities like kissing. Similarly, although HSV-1 usually causes oral ...
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  • HIV

    HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that invades the immune system and destroys it over time. The destruction of the immune system reduces a person’s ability to fight off infections and cancer. The majority of people infected with HIV eventually develop AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome), which is often fatal. Exposure to infected blood or other body fluids is required for HIV transmission to occur; the highest HIV co...
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  • HPV

    Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a virus that infects the skin and mucous membranes (tissues that line the mouth, cervix, vagina, urethra and anus) of humans.  Of the more than 100 strains of HPV, approximately 30 cause genital infections. 1 H PV is primarily spread by skin-to-skin contact with an infected person or by contact with body fluids contaminated with the virus. This means that most cases of genital HPV are acquired throug...
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  • Syphilis

    Syphilis transmission usually occurs during vaginal, anal or oral sex when syphilitic sores or patches come into contact with slightly abraded skin or mucous membranes. Women who catch syphilis within a few years before they get pregnant and who fail to get treated often (70 percent) pass syphilis on to their infants. Forty percent of women who acquire syphilis during pregnancy and who go without treatment will lose the child. Syphilis has b...
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  • Trichomonas

    Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan (a single-celled organism that is bigger and more complex than a bacterium) that infects the genital tracts of both women and men. Trichomonas is almost always a sexually transmitted infection. The majority (50-80 percent) of women and some men infected with trichomonas do not know that they are infected. 4  In women, trichomonas causes vaginitis (inflammation of the vagina) and cervic...
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